Virtual City Models

Interpretation and semantic segmentation of textured mapped 3D meshed point clouds in built-up environments

3D data acquisition and data processing has increasingly become feasible and important in the domain of photogrammetry and remote sensing. Common representations for 3D data are point clouds, volumetric representations, projected views (i.e. RGB-D images or renderings), and meshes.
Textured real-world meshes as generated from airborne LiDAR and airborne oblique UAV imagery provide explicit adjacency information and high-resolution texturing.
Figure 1 shows textured meshes as generated from dense image matching (DIM) only (left) and as derived from DIM and LiDAR data (right) in wireframe fashion.
Meanwhile, textured meshes are a standard representation for the visualization of urban areas.
However, their classification to semantic classes such as buildings, vegetation, impervious surfaces, roads, etc. remains an open research issue.
Current work aims at the integration of complementary airborne LiDAR and aerial image data for an improved semantic segmentation of meshes in the first place.
The attached class labels can also be transferred to point clouds (cf. Figure 2).
Future work will deal with the linking of faces and imagery, and, hence, will extend the existing LiDAR mesh connection to image space.

© Dominik Laupheimer

Figure 1a: Textured mesh as generated from dense image matching (DIM) only

© Dominik Laupheimer

Figure 1b: Textured mesh as generated from DIM and LiDAR data in wireframe fashion.

Figure 2. Predicted semantic mesh segmentation utilizing mesh-inherent and LiDAR-inherent features (left) along with its transferred labels to the dense LiDAR point cloud (right; subsampled by factor 20 for visualization). Class color code: building mass/facade (yellow), roof (red), impervious surface (magenta), green space (light green), mid and high vegetation (dark green), vehicle (cyan), chimney/antenna (orange) and clutter (gray).


Laupheimer, D., Tutzauer, P., Haala, N. & Spicker, M. (2018) Neural Networks for the Classification of Building-use from Street-View Imagery, ISPRS Ann. Photogramm. Remote Sens. Spatial Inf. Sci., IV-2, 177-184, 2018

Laupheimer, D., Shams Eddin, M. H., and Haala, N.: The Importance of Radiometric Feature Quality for Semantic Mesh Segmentation, DGPF annual conference, Stuttgart, Germany. Publikationen der DGPF, Band 29, 2020.

Tutzauer, P. & Haala, N. [2017] Processing of Crawled Urban Imagery for Building Use Classification. Int. Arch. Photogramm. Remote Sens. Spatial Inf. Sci., XLII-1/W1, 143-149.
DOI: 10.5194/isprs-archives-XLII-1-W1-143-2017

Tutzauer, P., Laupheimer, D., and Haala, N.: SEMANTIC URBAN MESH ENHANCEMENT UTILIZING A HYBRID MODEL, ISPRS Ann. Photogramm. Remote Sens. Spatial Inf. Sci., IV-2/W7, 175–182, 2019.
DOI: 10.5194/isprs-annals-IV-2-W7-175-2019

This image shows Norbert Haala

Norbert Haala

apl. Prof. Dr.-Ing.

Deputy Director

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